How to get to Georgia by Train

By Edward | Ask Me Anything

Feb 19
Batumi Harbour

This post is part of my Ask Me Anything series. If you want to Ask Me Anything, join the Rail Guide Europe club and shoot me an email...

How to get to Georgia by Train

Dagmar writes: I want to go to Georgia by train. Have you got any tips about how to get there? Where can I buy tickets? How does train travel work in Georgia? What does one need to know?

A lovely question for kicking off our Ask Me Anything series. How does one get to Georgia by train? I went to Georgia by train on my honeymoon and am thus well equipped to answer this.


First things First


If you look at the map there are three ways:


  • Across the Black Sea
  • South of the Black Sea via Istanbul and Ankara
  • North of the Black Sea via Russia

Going north via Russia is not an option as it has no rail links with Georgia proper since the 2008 war.


Going south via Turkey is daunting: getting through the Balkans involves multiple changes. Not all trains can be booked online. There is a longish coach journey through Eastern Turkey that you cannot avoid (yet).


Across the Black Sea you get comfortable sleeper trains to Odessa on the Black Sea, followed by a two-night voyage across the Black Sea to Batumi. This post explains how to go via Odessa and the Black Sea.


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1.

Georgia by train and boat via Odessa and the Black Sea


This is the route I went in 2016.


If you have an EU, US or Canadian passport, this is the most painless way as you don't need any visas at all. Furthermore, you can book the whole lot online - all the way from Western Europe to Tbilisi.


You travel through the EU, Ukraine and Georgia. There are regular ferry sailings from Chornomorsk (formerly Illichivsk) to Batumi. This service is all year round and run by Ukrferry. During winter the boat goes twice a week, during the summer more frequently.


Here is how I did it


1. Starting from Munich, I went to Cheb with a Bayern Ticket. Such a humble beginning for such a long journey, but there you go. This ticket I bought on the day.


2. At Cheb, I got the (now defunct) Slovak sleeper to Košice. This I had booked a bit in advance from Czech railways.


3. At Košice, I changed on to a train to Čierna nad Tisou. This ticket I bought at Košice station. It is cheap and cannot sell out.


4. At Čierna nad Tisou I got the border hopper to Chop, in Ukraine.


5. From Chop I went to Uzhgorod in a Marshrutka. This was to cut down my wait. I could have stayed at Chop, but a four hour wait at Chop gets boring.  


Bogie change at Ukrainian border

If you go on a direct Ukrainian service (i.e. Vienna-L'viv) the bogies will be changed at the Ukrainian border.

6. From Uzhgorod to Odessa I went on the Ukrainian Railways' Khadzhibey train. Train №107/108 "Хаджибей/Khadjibey" runs daily between Odessa and Uzhorod. It left Uzhorod in the evening and reached Odessa at lunchtime the next day. This ticket I also got online directly from Ukrainian Railways.


"Khadjibey" is what the clutch of shacks and fortress was called that the Russians nabbed from the Ottomans when they conquered the Black Sea coast. Odessa was founded on the ruins of Khadjibey in 1794,


7. After a four day wait at Odessa, I went by taxi to Chornomorsk and embarked on the Kaunas Seaways to Batumi. This was a two-night voyage. Left Chornomorsk in the late afternoon, arrived Batumi in the early morning. 

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About the Odessa-Batumi Ferry


Here I shall go into some detail about the voyage across the Black Sea. The Ukrferry ships are primarily goods ferries. Ukrferry transports lorries and (freight) railway coaches between Georgia and Ukraine. Most of the passengers are lorry drivers. We foot passengers are a side-hustle. This is why the ferry uses the goods port of Chornomorsk, rather than Odessa.

Ukrferry Chornomorsk

Leaving Chornomorsk. The little ferry in the background is the Caledonia, as seen in Andrea Maria Dusl's film "Blue Moon".

Booking the Odessa-Batumi Ferry

I booked the ticket online and paid for it on the ground at Ukrferry's head office outside Odessa. The booking process has changed since then, for the better. The whole thing can be done in English and you can pay online. 


Getting to the port


The district where the ferry terminal is, is called Burlachya Balka. It is on the southern outskirts of Odessa.


The № 25 bus gets you there from Odessa's main station. It is seventeen stops and currently costs 24 hryvnas (7o¢). In Odessa you usually pay the driver at the front when you get off the bus.


The stop you want is called "Burlachya Balka". It is a request stop and there is no bell to ring. You have to know where you are and bellow (bellow!) "Ostanaveetye pozhaluysta" (stop please) or "Na slyeduyushy" (..at the next stop) or "Burlachya Balka!"


Or go by taxi. I went by taxi. Taxis in Odessa are cheap. Get your hotel to order a taxi for you. Hotels will ring reputable taxi companies that tell you the price before your taxi even arrives. This makes it harder for you to be quoted a fantasy price. 


Meta comment: I just spent two hours looking at maps, retracing my steps and poring over Ukrainian public transport fora. I staked the district out on Google Streetview. My conclusion is that unless you are familiar with post-Soviet transport and speak some Russian, you had best get a taxi to the ferry terminal.


The lengths to which I go for you

I go to great lengths for you, my reader. One of these lengths is to ring up Ukrferry in Odessa and ask what the correct procedure is for 2020. Yes, in Russian. You're welcome.


  • When you have booked, you will receive a booking confirmation. This is not your ticket. You get your tickets at registration.
  • Registration is done at Ukrferry's office in Burlachya Balka, near the harbour at Chornomorsk. It is the highest building in the area and unmissable. 
  • Here it is on Google Maps. And here is the address, so you can give it to a taxi driver: Бизнес Центр "Борей", с. Бурлачья Балка, ул. Северная 41, (Business Centre "Borey", Burlachya Balka, ul. Severnaya 41.
  • Registration of foot passengers takes place before the lorries and railway carriages are processed. This means you have to be at the Ukrferry office quite a while before the ship sails. Exact details ought to come with your booking.
  • A minibus transfers you from the Ukrferry office to the terminal and customs.
Open window on Ukraine-Georgia ferry

No dolphins in this picture


Embarking

The ship moors with its stern to the pier and foot passengers walk on though the same entrance as the cars, lorries and trucks. The low-point of my honeymoon was watching my wife pick her way across the rails in the floor, in the half-light of the cavernous ship's hold.


But then there were dolphins.


sun set on the Black Sea

Dolphins. Completely invisible in the waves and sunset.

What is the passage to Georgia like?

This is a real boat trip. You get to walk about on deck and watch the dolphins and seagulls. You can climb steep metal staircases. And open your cabin window. 


You are fed three times daily in the ship's canteen. There is no buffet or menu. Everyone eats the same food. It is Slavic canteen fare with meat, sides and always a salad. There is no gluten-free or vegan option. Lactose-intolerance? What do you mean, you can't drink milk?


An announcement is made on the tannoy in Russian, Georgian and English - "food is served, don't be late". Seriously, don't be late. They chuck you out of the canteen after 45 minutes or so.

Kaunas Seaways at Batumi

Kaunas Seaways moored at Batumi harbour

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Train Travel in Georgia


Georgia has inherited its railway system from the Russian and Soviet Empires. 



  • Not all parts of Georgia are easy to reach by train. Most major cities are connected to the network, but the trains are not frequent. Even the Tbilisi airport express only runs a few times per day.
  • The eastern wine-growing region of Kakheti has no regular passenger services from Tbilisi. Tracks go as far as the regional capital Telavi, but not trains. I don't know if these will ever be reinstated.

Arid landscape close to Tbilisi

  • it is Russian broad-gauge (1520mm)
  • Night trains have the Russian three-class system (Luxe, Kupé and Platskart). As of 2020 these run between Tbilisi and Ozurgeti (Georgia's tea capital) and between Tbilisi and Zugdidi.
  • Except for on local services (e.g. Elektrichki) you always have an assigned place. And that is where you bloody well sit, too.

I used the Georgian Railway to get from Batumi to Tbilisi. In 2016 this was with rather squeaky Chinese trains. Now this line is served by Georgia's flagship trains - double deck Swiss-designed Stadler sets.


You can only move if the guards let you. My wife was one month pregnant and didn't take to travelling backwards through mountains. I only managed to get us moved by telling the guards that my wife was pregnant.


If you translate the Georgian "she is pregnant" literally, you get: "she is two-souled". Isn't that a beautiful way to say it?  But I digress.


Buying Tickets

You can buy tickets for the Georgian Railways online and up to 40 days in advance.

The e-ticket system is quite easy to use, and it is in English. Sadly this only works for domestic services, so if you want to go to Armenia or Azerbaijan, it won't help you.


I shall shortly be adding guides to booking on Georgian and Ukrainian railways to the Insider Rail Guide library.

My two-souled wife enjoying her Georgian pregnant VIP treatment.

2.

On the horizon: Georgia by train with the Ankara-Baku direct sleeper


It has been postponed several times: The Azerbaijan Railways direct sleeper service from Ankara via Tbilisi to Baku. 


The new Swiss-made dual-gauge carriages are already in Azerbaijan. The border station at Akhalkalaki and the Tbilisi-Kars railway line are finished. Smiling leaders have cut ribbons, watched by men in sunglasses. But the train has yet to enter service.


However, when it does, this will be a supremely comfortable way to get to Georgia by train. If you make it through the Balkans.

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3.

Bonus: Abkhazia via Russia

Abkhazia is a breakaway region that belongs to Georgia, but is currently not controlled by the Georgian government in Tbilisi. It has its own government and you need a visa to enter. 


Abkhazia relies on Russia for protection and is reachable by train through Russia. Indeed, since the 2008 war, Abkhazia is the only part of Georgia with a direct rail link to Russia.


There are trains from Moscow to Sukhumi, the capital of Abkhazia. During the winter, train № 306M runs every two days, during the summer it runs daily. The journey takes 43 hours.


Bear in mind


If you enter Abkhazia via Russia, you have to leave via Russia. You will therefore need a multiple visa for Russia.


Were you to travel onwards into the rest of Georgia you wouldn't get an entry stamp and thus be entering Georgia illegally.


How I recommend you do it

Until the Azerbaijani Railways Ankara-Tbilisi-Baku sleeper comes online, the route via Odessa is king. Here is what I recommend you do:


  1. Get yourself to Vienna
  2. From Vienna, get the daily Ukrainian Railways sleeper service to L'viv. Spend or don't spend a couple of days in L'viv. Book this online through ÖBB. Check out this post on booking the Ukraine sleeper on ÖBB's site. It costs €72 in a double sleeper.
  3. From L'viv, get one of several overnight trains to Odessa. Spend or don't spend a couple of days in Odessa. The journey takes between 10 and 12 hours. Book this online through UZ. Expect to pay €25/$28 for kupé (4 berth sleeper) or €90/$95 for luxe (2 berth sleeper). Or - get this - €8.50/$9 if you go in platskart, the 3rd class open plan sleeper.
  4. From Odessa, get the Ukrferry service to Batumi. Book this online with Ukrferry. A berth in a standard double outside cabin costs €165/$180. A single in the suite is €380/$420. Budget roughly €350/$380 for two people sharing an outside cabin. If you bear in mind this includes two nights' accommodation, two days' food, plus the chance to see dolphins, it is a good deal.
  5. From Batumi, go on Georgian Railways to Tbilisi. Book online here. 1st class is about €20/$22, 2nd class €8/$9.


Most romantic journey ever


If you pull this off, you are in for one of the most romantic journeys imaginable

Vienna, L'viv, Odessa - the stops along the way are already oozing with romance and excitement. 


Add a two night voyage on a real ship from which you may see dolphins. I certainly did.

Batumi morning

Batumi, rising shimmering from the night horizon


Then arrive in a part of the world that God had kept for himself, but in his goodness gave to the Georgians because of their singing and celebrations.


I can't think of anything better. Please go forth and send me the pictures.


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About the Author

After crisscrossing Europe for 6 years as a train conductor, I guide intrepid travellers roaming Europe by rail.

  • Rick says:

    That, my friend, was a wonderful read. I must do this

  • JT says:

    Thanks for the good read, Edward. I’m a rail fan from the USA and will travel to Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia in July, via Russia. For years I have been searching for news of the opening to passenger service of the Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway, but everything I have read indeed has photos of smiling bureaucrats and promises that passenger service will start in … 2019. If it opens in the next few months, I am sure to ride it and get myself to Istanbul and beyond from Georgia. Otherwise, I will have to (ugh) fly to Germany.

  • Titus says:

    Thank you for this very helpful article! Just another option you could add might be to go by train to Baku, via Russia. There is even a once-weekly Kiev-Baku train, which is probably a nice choice for those who would need a Belorussian transit visa on other routes to Russia. From Baku, take the daily sleeper train to Tbilisi.

    No personal experiences for this, though — I hope I manage to try this one day.

    • Edward says:

      Thank you for reading and for your comment. Yes, one could definitely get to Georgia that way. I would love to try that route. Do write here if you manage to try it.

      In this post it seemed best to emphasise the route I have already tested, and also the one easiest booked and organised.

      Thank you again for your detailed suggestion!

  • Steve Stark says:

    Looks like a lot of fun. I’ve always wanted to go on one of those ferries.

    Some sections of the Pan-European Corridors in the Balkans look to be completed soon. There is even an ambitious railroad or two being planned in Greece. Hopefully the ticketing and other infrastructure will improve as well.

    Connections through Turkey seen to be hampered by politics and I’ll guess we’ll wait and see there.

    • Edward says:

      Thank you for your comment, Steve! Welcome back!

      Yes, I hope with the new Pan-European corridors the Balkan states get their act together. Especially Serbia. Even when the Ankara-Kars-Tbilisi-Baku train does start up, the greatest hurdle will be getting from Western Europe to Turkey by train.

  • Radek Janata says:

    It is not necessary to go from Chop to Uzhgorod by bus.
    The Uzhgorod-Odessa night train stops at Chop.

    Also, the journey from Munich to Prague is better with a direct train.
    Departing pro Munich at 14:43, you’ll catch the night train to Kosice.

    • Edward says:

      Thank you for your comment.

      Yes, I know. I simply arrived at Chop with so much time that I decided to go to Uzhgorod. So I could take my wife to a decent restaurant and be on the train earlier. I have spent a lot of time at Chop already, so I didn’t need another five hours.

      I agree with you that now, starting from Munich, the 14:43 is a good idea. In 2016 there was still a Slovak direct sleeping car from Cheb via Prague to Košice, and I wanted to use it.

      Thank you once again for reading and for commenting!

  • Thomas says:

    Thanks Edward, lovely to read this. You must be a polyglot, amazing!

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